Espresso is prepared by pushing hot water through a layer of compacted ground coffee, contained in a port-filter. Espresso is a very concentrated coffee, with a lot of body, aroma, and flavor. It contains a lot of coffee oils and solids. The most distinctive features of espresso are the foamy layer on top and the low volume of the drink. Pulling a shot of espresso requires training and knowledge, take a look at our espresso brewing guide, for a comprehensive tutorial.
Turkish coffee is a method of infusing finely ground coffee in nearly boiling water. What is very specific to the Turkish brewing method is the grind size which is the finest possible, almost a powder. There are no electrical Turkish coffee grinding machines for residential use, but the manual mills work perfectly. Turkish coffee has the fullest body of all brewing methods. If you like clear coffee, stay away from it.
The method involves pouring hot water over ground coffee beans. Simply strain the brew with a paper filter, or a metal or plastic mesh. The coffee from a drip brewer is clear and clean, with a high ratio of caffeine extracted per spoon of ground coffee. The brew is good if you use a good coffee machine, but it’s only average with cheap equipment. Pour-over devices can compete with high-end coffee makers, such as Hario, Chemex, Technivorm, or Bonavita, in terms of taste and aroma. However, manual drippers, as they are also called, are less convenient than electrical drip brewers.